Prospective gated 64 slice computed tomography in assessment of coronary artery disease: A single center experience and relationship of body mass index to outcomes
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. While Coronary Angiography (CA) is the gold standard test to investigate coronary artery disease, Prospective gated-64 Slice Computed Tomography (Prosp-64CT) is a new non-invasive technology that uses the 64Slice computed tomography (64CT) with electrocardiographic gating to investigate coronary artery disease. The aim of the current study was to investigate the role of Body Mass Index (BMI) as a factor affecting occurrence of CA after a Prosp-64CT, as well as the quality of the Prosp-64CT. Demographic and clinical characteristics of the study population were described. A secondary analysis of data on patients who underwent a Prosp-64CT for evaluation of coronary artery disease was performed. Seventy seven patients who underwent Prosp-64CT for evaluation for coronary artery disease were included. Fifteen patients were excluded because they had missing data regarding BMI, quality of the Prosp-64CT or CA. Thus, a total of 62 patients were included in the final analysis. The mean age was 56.2 years. The mean BMI was 31.3 kg/m 2. Eight (13%) patients underwent a CA within one month of Prosp-64CT. Eight (13%) patients had a poor quality Prosp-64CT. There was significant association of higher BMI as a factor for occurrence of CA post Prosp-64CT (P<0.05). There was a trend, but no statistical significance was observed for the association of being obese and occurrence of CA (P=0.06). BMI, as well as obesity, were not found to be significantly associated with poor quality of Prosp-64CT (P=0.19 and P=0.76, respectively). In conclusion, BMI was significantly associated with occurrence of CA within one month of Prosp-64CT. Thus, in patients with a higher BMI, diagnostic investigation with both tests could be avoided; rather, only a CA could be performed. However, the relationship of BMI to quality of Prosp-64CT needs to be further investigated since the sample size of the current study was small.
Medicine|Public health|Medical imaging
Habbu, Amit Ashok, "Prospective gated 64 slice computed tomography in assessment of coronary artery disease: A single center experience and relationship of body mass index to outcomes" (2009). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1470208.