Effective interventions for lowering HbA1C in African Americans with type 2 diabetes: A review

Jessica Davis, The University of Texas School of Public Health


This synthesis of the literature provides descriptive analysis and outlines current self-management interventions for African Americans with type 2 diabetes. Specifically, this study describes and explores the design of those studies whose interventions have been shown to lower HbA1C levels in this population by at least 0.5% points, an improvement that provides approximately 10% reduction in long term complications from this disease. Results. In total, 37 articles were reviewed and 17 articles met inclusion criteria for analysis. Analysis of each study's methodology and results was performed and selected studies with interventions that resulted in improvements in HbA1C outcomes equal to 0.5% or greater for both group 1 and 2 were summarized by intervention type in table format. Descriptive analysis, outlining the number and characteristics of proximal and distal mediating components addressed in Group 1 studies, was performed in order to determine whether mediating components may have had some relation to effectiveness of intervention on outcome HbA1C. Descriptive analysis revealed that no particular design is substantially more effective than another among Behavioral studies although, there may be an advantage in using culturally sensitive, group interventions that address greater numbers of distal mediating components. Among Process studies, structured approaches (i.e. algorithm care and scheduled follow up), as well as utilization of specialty and group care are represented as effective for African American populations. Conclusions. It may be summarized that by targeting behavior and addressing provider delivery (i.e. algorithm use, group care, home care, and provider follow up) in this population, a greater yield in outcome improvements may be accomplished. However, many gaps exist in a review process that stratifies results and focuses on identifying group specific intervention successes and failures. Further research in different populations will aid researchers and practitioners in discovering the best evidence, and identifying models that could be utilized in practice to achieve the best diabetes management for at risk groups.

Subject Area

Public health|Health education

Recommended Citation

Davis, Jessica, "Effective interventions for lowering HbA1C in African Americans with type 2 diabetes: A review" (2010). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1474770.