Illicit drug use, alcohol use and nicotine dependence as predictors of antiretroviral adherence in a sample of HIV positive smokers
Objective. Predictors of non-adherence to antiretroviral medications in a population of low-income, multiethnic, HIV-positive smokers were investigated. Methods. A secondary analysis was conducted using baseline data collected from 326 patients currently prescribed antiretrovirals enrolled in a randomized clinical trial assessing smoking outcomes. Variables evaluated included demographics, stress, depression, nicotine dependence, illicit drug use and alcohol use. Results. The average age of participants was 45.9 years (SD=7.6). The majority of participants were male (72.1%), Black (76.7%), reported sexual contact as the method of HIV exposure (heterosexual (43%) and MSM (27%)) and were antiretroviral adherent (60.4%). Results from unadjusted analyses indicated depression (OR=1.02; 95% CI=1.00-1.04), illicit drug use (OR=2.39; 95% CI=1.51-3.79) and alcohol consumption (OR=2.86; 95% CI=1.79-4.57) were associated with non-adherence. Multivariate analyses indicated nicotine dependence (OR=1.13; 95% CI=1.02-1.25), illicit drug use (OR=2.10; 95% CI=1.27-3.49) and alcohol use (OR=2.50; 95% CI=1.52-4.12) were associated with nonadherence. Conclusions. Illicit drug use, alcohol use and nicotine dependence are formidable barriers to antiretroviral adherence in this population. Future research is needed to assess how to address these variables in the context of improving antiretroviral adherence for individuals living with HIV/AIDS.
Marks, Rachel M, "Illicit drug use, alcohol use and nicotine dependence as predictors of antiretroviral adherence in a sample of HIV positive smokers" (2010). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1474792.