HIV-associated malignancies among children attending the Baylor Clinic in Kampala, Uganda

Vincent Joseph Tukei, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Introduction: HIV-associated malignancies such as Kaposi’s sarcoma and Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma occur in children and usually lead to significant morbidity and mortality. No studies have been done to establish prevalence and outcome of these malignancies in children in a hospital setting in Uganda. Research question: What proportion of children attending the Baylor-Uganda COE present with HIV-associated malignancies and what are the characteristics and outcome of these malignancies? The objective was to determine the prevalence, associated factors and outcome of HIV-associated malignancies among children attending the Baylor-Uganda Clinic in Kampala, Uganda. Study Design: This was a retrospective case series involving records review of patients who presented to the Baylor-Clinic between January 2004 and December 2008. Study Setting: The Baylor-Uganda Clinic, where I worked as a physician before coming to Houston, is a well funded, well staffed; Pediatric HIV clinic located in Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda and is affiliated to Makerere University Medical School. Study Participants: Medical charts of patients aged 6 weeks to 18 years who enrolled for care at the clinic during the years 2004 to 2008 were retrieved for data abstraction. Selection Criteria: Study participants had to be patients of Baylor-Uganda seen during the study period; they had to be aged 6 weeks to 18 years; and had to be HIV positive. Patients with incomplete data or whose malignancies were not confirmed by histology were excluded. Study Variables: Data on patient’s age, sex, diagnosis, type of malignancy, anatomic location of the malignancy; pathology report, baseline laboratory results and outcome of treatment, were abstracted. Data Analysis: Cross tabulation to determine associations between variables using Pearson’s chi square at 95% level of significance was done. Proportions of malignancies among different groups were determined. In addition, Kaplan Meier survival analysis and comparison of survival distributions using the log-rank test was done. Change in CD4 percentages from baseline was assessed with the Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results: The proportion of children with malignancies during the study period was found to be 1.65%. Only 2 malignancies: Kaposi’s sarcoma and Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma were found. 90% of the malignancies were Kaposi’s sarcoma. Lymph node involvement in children with Kaposi’s sarcoma was common, but the worst prognosis was seen with visceral involvement. Deaths during follow-up were seen in the first few weeks to months. Upon starting treatment the CD4 cell percentage increased significantly from a baseline median of 6% to 14% at 6 months and 15.8% at 12 months of follow-up.

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Recommended Citation

Tukei, Vincent Joseph, "HIV-associated malignancies among children attending the Baylor Clinic in Kampala, Uganda" (2010). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1474803.