Perchlorate remediation technologies: A systematic review of solely biodegradation versus a combination of ion-exchange and biodegradation technologies
A systematic review was performed in order to evaluate perchlorate remediation technologies. The two included technologies were ion-exchange concerted with biodegradation and solely biodegradation. A meta-analysis was completed and subsequently, a regression model was formed to conduct a degradation rate analysis and to depict the association between rate and various dependent variables (salinity/sali, nitrate concentration/nitc and carbon source concentration/csou). The outcome of the model analysis suggested that salt concentration did have an effect on the degradation rate in the ion-exchange process and that with a salt concentration greater than or equal to 18.6 g/L, the biodegradation process will produce a greater reduction of perchlorate than ion-exchange concerted with biodegradation. However, when a t-test examined the difference in perchlorate degradation rate between the two cleanup methods, there was no significant difference seen (p=0.7351, α = 0.05).
Sheth, Nicken, "Perchlorate remediation technologies: A systematic review of solely biodegradation versus a combination of ion-exchange and biodegradation technologies" (2010). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1479536.