Respiratory syncytial virus infection in hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is a major cause of respiratory tract infections in immunocompromised patients such as children less than 2 years, premature infants with congenital heart disease and chronic lung disease, elderly patients and patients who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). HSCT patients are at high risk of RSV infection, at increased risk of developing pneumonia, and RSV-related mortality. Immunodeficiency can be a major risk factor for severe infection & mortality. Therapy of RSV infection with Ribavirin, Palivizumab and Immunoglobulin has shown to reduce the risk of progression to LRI and mortality, especially if initiated early in the disease. Data on RSV infection in HSCT patients is limited, especially at various levels of immunodeficiency. 323 RSV infections in HSCT patients have been identified between 1/1995 and 8/2009 at University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center (UTMDACC). In this proposed study, we attempted to analyze a de-identified database of these cases and describe the epidemiologic characteristics of RSV infection in HSCT patients, the course of the infection, rate of development of pneumonia and RSV-related mortality in HSCT patients at UTMDACC. Key words: RSV infections, HSCT patients
Shah, Jharna Nitin, "Respiratory syncytial virus infection in hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients" (2010). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1480520.