Effect of the emergence of community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus on microbial resistance patterns seen during a seven year study of minocycline/rifampin catheter use
Background. Health care associated catheter related blood stream infections (CRBSI) represent a significant public health concern in the United States. Several studies have suggested that precautions such as maximum sterile barrier and use of antimicrobial catheters are efficacious at reducing CRBSI, but there is concern within the medical community that the prolonged use of antimicrobial catheters may be associated with increased bacterial resistance. Clinical studies have been done showing no association and a significant decrease in microbial resistance with prolonged minocycline/rifampin (M/R) catheter use. One explanation is the emergence of community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which is more susceptible to antibiotics, as a cause of CRBSI. Methods. Data from 323 MRSA isolates cultured from cancer patients at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer center from 1997-2007 displaying MRSA infection were analyzed to determine whether there is a relationship between resistance to minocycline and rifampin and prolonged wide spread use of minocycline (M/R) catheters. Analysis was also conducted to determine whether there was a significant change in the prevalence community acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) during this time period and if this emergence act as a confounder masquerading the true relationship between microbial resistance and prolonged M/R catheter use. Results. Our study showed that the significant (p=0.008) change in strain type over time is a confounding variable; the adjusted model showed a significant protective effect (OR 0.000281, 95% CI 1.4x10 -4-5.5x10-4) in the relationship between MRSA resistance to minocycline and prolonged M/R catheter use. The relationship between resistance to rifampin and prolonged M/R catheter use was not significant. Conclusion. The emergence of CA-MRSA is a confounder and in the relationship between resistance to minocycline and rifampin and prolonged M/R catheter use. However, despite the adjustment for the more susceptible CA-MRSA the widespread use of M/R catheters does not promote microbial resistance.
Reitzel, Ruth Anne, "Effect of the emergence of community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus on microbial resistance patterns seen during a seven year study of minocycline/rifampin catheter use" (2010). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1483401.