The influence of HIV/AIDS on the association between genital human papillomavirus and cervical cancer in HIV/AIDS infected women: A literature review
Background: With over 440 million cases of infections worldwide, genital HPV is the most frequent sexually transmitted infection. There are several types including high risk types 16, 18, 58 and 70 among others, which are known to cause cervical cell abnormality and if persistent, can lead to cervical cancer which globally, claims 288,000 lives annually. 33.4 million people worldwide are currently living with HIV/AIDS, with 22.4 million in sub-Saharan Africa where 70% of the female population living with HIV/AIDS is also found. Similar risk factors for HPV, cervical cancer and HIV/AIDS include early age at sexual debut, multiple sexual partners, infrequent condom use, history of STI and immune-suppression. Objectives: To describe the role of HPV in cervical cancer development, to describe the influence of HIV/AIDS on HPV and in the development of cervical cancer and to describe the importance of preventive measures such as screening. Methods: This is a literature review where data were analyzed qualitatively and a descriptive narrative style used to evaluate and present the information. The data came from searches using Pub Med, Cochrane Library, EBSCO Medline databases as well as websites such as the CDC and WHO. Articles selected were published in English over the last 10 years. Keywords used included: 'HPV, cervical cancer and HIV', 'HIV and HPV', 'HPV and cervical cancer', 'HPV infection', 'HPV vaccine', 'genital HPV', 'HIV and cervical cancer', 'prevalence of HIV and cervical cancer' and 'prevalence of cervical cancer'. Results: Women with HIV/AIDS have multiple HPV types, persistent infection, are more likely to present with cervical neoplasia and are at higher risk for cervical cancer. Research also shows that HIV could affect the transmissibility of HPV and that HPV itself could also increase the susceptibility to HIV acquisition. Conclusion: HIV, genital HPV and cervical cancer are all preventable. Need to emphasize programs that aim to increase HIV/AIDS, HPV and cervical cancer awareness. Stress importance of behavior modification such as frequent use of condoms, decreased sexual partners and delayed first intercourse. Facilitate programs for screening and treating HPV, male circumcision, effective management of HAART and HPV vaccination.
Muigai, Honey Nyambura, "The influence of HIV/AIDS on the association between genital human papillomavirus and cervical cancer in HIV/AIDS infected women: A literature review" (2010). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1483405.