A systematic review examining the relationship between oral health care practices and the oral lesions commonly associated with HIV/AIDS, and the implications for people living in developing countries
Oral lesions, which may be bacterial, fungal or viral in nature may be characteristic of HIV/ AIDS, and have been observed on the oral mucosa as early signs of underlying disease. Some studies have suggested that there may be a correlation between poor oral hygiene, and the oral lesions seen among people living with HIV/AIDS. The objective of this study was to assess the nature of the relationship between oral health care practices, and the occurrence of oral lesions commonly seen in association with HIV/AIDS. A systematic review of the literature was conducted, and the databases searched were Medline and PubMed. Concepts that made up the search were oral hygiene promotion, HIV/AIDS and oral health care. Out of the 410 items identified through the search, only 11 met the inclusion criteria. The use of 0.12%–2% chlorhexidine gluconate, was found to be effective in reducing oral Candida counts in some studies, while other studies did not find such an association. However, 0.12%–2% chlorhexidine gluconate was consistently found to be effective in the management of periodontal lesions in people infected with HIV/AIDS. Dental procedures such as treatment and filling of dental cavities, scaling and polishing, and use of fluoridated tooth paste were also found to be effective in the management of oral lesions seen in association with HIV/AIDS. The overall findings from the studies reviewed, suggest that effective oral health care may be necessary to reduce the morbidity, and mortality associated with the oral lesions seen among people living with HIV/AIDS. However, better designed studies with larger sample sizes need to be developed in order to ascertain the effectiveness of routine oral hygiene, and health care practices among people living with HIV/AIDS.
Ndubisi, Ifeoma Chinelo, "A systematic review examining the relationship between oral health care practices and the oral lesions commonly associated with HIV/AIDS, and the implications for people living in developing countries" (2010). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1483445.