Epidemiological trends of influenza A positive patients hospitalized at St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Texas September, 2009–January, 2010
This study was a descriptive analysis of 437 influenza A positive inpatients and outpatients during the five month period between September, 2009 and January, 2010. The objective of the study was to describe the epidemiological trends of the total influenza A positive population and more specifically the clinical features of patients hospitalized with influenza A at St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital in Houston, Texas from September 2009 through January 2010. Eligible cases were included if they tested positive for influenza A test using the rapid antigen test and/or rRT-PCR. Hospitalized cases were included based on the laboratory confirmation of influenza A as well as hospital admission for at least 24 hours. Data was collected from medical record abstraction and included patient demographics, clinical history and history of chronic disease. Clinical findings in the differential diagnosis that led to laboratory-confirmation of influenza A as well as course of treatment during the hospital admission were summarized. Finally, co-morbid conditions charted during the hospital visit were reviewed and evaluated for associations with influenza A complications. During the study period, forty-eight patients were included in the study of which 27 tested positive for the H1N1 subtype. Females were more likely to be hospitalized than men. The median age of all patients admitted to St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital with influenza A was 42. The distribution for admitted cases was 15 White, 15 Black, and 18 Hispanic. Patients with co-morbid disease constituted 81% of the admissions for Influenza A. The presence of an underlying medical condition remains a risk factor for both seasonal and H1N1 influenza. Although respiratory conditions such as asthma and COPD are commonly associated with complications of seasonal influenza, patients with metabolic disorders such as kidney disease and/or diabetes were admitted more frequently (58%) during the study period. The patients in the study also of a much younger age than the age that is usually associated with complications of influenza infection, i.e. no patients greater than 65 years of age were admitted with a diagnosis of influenza A. Lower infection rates among elderly populations were similarly reported in other studies of influenza during the same time period. Older patient populations may benefit from antibodies to previous H1N1 strains that have circulated during the twentieth century, whereas younger age groups lack these exposures.
Correia, Kristen N, "Epidemiological trends of influenza A positive patients hospitalized at St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Texas September, 2009–January, 2010" (2011). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1483593.