Gender differences in tuberculosis notification in Pakistan
Worldwide the male:female ratio of new smear-positive TB cases is estimated to be roughly 2:1. However in Pakistan this is not the case. Rates of notified TB cases are 20–30% higher in young females compared with males and female rates remain high regardless of increasing age. This is in stark contrast to neighboring India which is characterized by a huge excess of male TB cases. It is currently unknown why rates of notified TB are so high in females in Pakistan, but it is clear this epidemiology is a public health issue of great importance that impacts transmission dynamics and disease control initiatives.
Codlin, Andrew, "Gender differences in tuberculosis notification in Pakistan" (2011). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1497513.