Gender differences in tuberculosis notification in Pakistan

Andrew Codlin, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Worldwide the male:female ratio of new smear-positive TB cases is estimated to be roughly 2:1. However in Pakistan this is not the case. Rates of notified TB cases are 20–30% higher in young females compared with males and female rates remain high regardless of increasing age. This is in stark contrast to neighboring India which is characterized by a huge excess of male TB cases. It is currently unknown why rates of notified TB are so high in females in Pakistan, but it is clear this epidemiology is a public health issue of great importance that impacts transmission dynamics and disease control initiatives.

Subject Area

Asian Studies|Epidemiology

Recommended Citation

Codlin, Andrew, "Gender differences in tuberculosis notification in Pakistan" (2011). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1497513.