A case-control study of the association between corneal arcus and death by cardiovascular disease among cornea donors
The cornea of the human eye can develop deposits of lipids in the periphery known as corneal arcus. [2, 10] For over a century, these deposits have been of interest as possible indicators of the accumulation of lipids in arterial walls of the heart and body with implications for heart disease. [2, 10, 11, 29] Heart disease is currently the leading cause of death in this country. [5, 29] There have been several publications suggesting an association between the development of atherosclerotic lesions and corneal arcus. [2, 12, 29] Investigators have differed in their interpretation of the relevance of corneal arcus to coronary heart disease or cardiovascular disease. However, there is widespread consensus that the presence of corneal arcus in patients under the age of 50 should prompt physicians to further investigate for dyslipidemia or heart disease. [2, 3, 6, 8, 19] Earlier studies have often suffered from difficulty in determining the presence or severity of atherosclerosis and from inconsistencies in evaluating corneal arcus. This study involves the review of mortality data, medical and social history and standardized slit lamp examination of corneal tissue donors to evaluate the prevalence of corneal arcus in relation to death by CHD or CVD. The prevalence of arcus, odds ratio, and logistic regression was utilized for statistical analysis.
Chapa, Eloisa Janine, "A case-control study of the association between corneal arcus and death by cardiovascular disease among cornea donors" (2011). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1497530.