Increasing awareness of colorectal cancer screening through targeted exam room based video messages
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third largest cause of cancer death in the United States. While the disease burden is high, there are proven methods to screen for CRC and detect it at a stage that is amenable to cure. Patients with low health literacy have difficulty navigating the health care system and are at increased risk to not receive preventive care services such as colorectal cancer screening (CRCS). To address this need, an exam-room based video was developed to be played for patients in the privacy of the exam room, while they are waiting to be seen by their medical provider. In roughly 2 minutes, the video informs the patient about CRC and CRCS and how they can successfully complete CRCS. One of the key barriers to completing CRCS is the need to increase patients' knowledge and improve attitudes surrounding CRCS. This study examines the impact of the video on patients' knowledge and attitudes about CRC and CRCS in a medically underserved patient population in Houston, Texas. Sixty-one patients presenting for routine medical care were enrolled in the study. Depending on their randomization, the patients either received routine information about CRC and CRCS or they watched the video. We found that the patients who did watch the video did have improvements in their knowledge and improved attitudes about CRC and CRCS. Future studies will be needed to examine whether the video improves the patients' completion of CRCS.
Gossey, John Travis, "Increasing awareness of colorectal cancer screening through targeted exam room based video messages" (2011). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1497574.