Cross-sectional study examining the role of acculturation in self-reported hypertension among Mexican Americans in Harris County, Texas
The objective of this secondary analysis was to examine the role of acculturation and self-reported hypertension in a Mexican-American cohort from Harris County, Texas. Specifically, we examined the acculturation measures of language-based Bidimensional Acculturation Scale (BAS), nativity, and length of United States (U.S) residency. Of 6,229 participants aged 40 and older, 38.0% self-reported hypertension at baseline. Multiple logistic regression was used to estimate the prevalence odds ratios (pOR) for the association of each acculturation measure and hypertension while controlling for confounding. When adjusted for age, gender, body mass index, number of comorbidities, and family history of hypertension, U.S.-born participants were 1.37 times more likely to report having hypertension compared to Mexico-born participants (95% CI: 1.21, 1.55). Similarly, immigrants residing in the U.S. for more than 20 years had an adjusted pOR of 1.40 (95% CI: 1.16, 1.70) as compared to immigrants living in the U.S. for less than 10 years. In conclusion, individuals who were born in the U.S. or emigrated to the U.S. over 20 years ago were more likely to report having hypertension compared to individuals born in Mexico or compared to those who emigrated more recently to the U.S. This study will contribute to the literature in demonstrating the need for more initiatives in prevention of cardiovascular disease, specifically hypertension, in the acculturating Mexican American population.
Public health|Hispanic American studies
McQuinn, Lacey, "Cross-sectional study examining the role of acculturation in self-reported hypertension among Mexican Americans in Harris County, Texas" (2011). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1497584.