Prevalence and risk factors for Helicobacter pylori in the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo population

Kristine V Rubio, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Background: Helicobacter pylori infection among Native Americans is more prevalent than any other minority group in the United States. Few studies involving Helicobacter pylori have been conducted on Native Americans and no previous studies have been conducted in the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo population. Therefore we wanted to explore the prevalence and risk factors of Helicobacter pylori within this community. We also explored whether household transmission is occurring. Materials and Methods: We conducted a cross-section study on the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo community. Main household caregivers were interviewed on household conditions, hygiene practices, and household sociodemographics. All household members were tested for IgG urine antibodies against Helicobacter pylori using RAPIRUN test kits. 13C urea breath testing using BREATHTEK kits was provided to study participants that had positive antibody results and utilized as confirmatory results of infection. Results: Prevalence of Ysleta del Sur Pueblo was determined to be 27.4%. When comparing for ethnicity, Native Americans had increased prevalence of infection then Mexican-Americans living on the Pueblo. That prevalence increased from 1.6 to 3.3 when taking account only United States born study participants. The household secondary prevalence rate was found to be 23.8%. Helicobacter pylori infection rates increased with increasing age and decreasing income. Conclusions: Native Americans had an increased risk of infection. As expected risk factors for Helicobacter pylori correlated with previous studies, but we found evidence of limited current transmission within households. However, due to the limited sample size (n=62) and power, we were not able to find statistical significance for some risk factors. A statistical association was found with age where increasing prevalence corresponded with increasing age suggesting that the birth cohort may be in effect within this population.

Subject Area

Public health|Epidemiology

Recommended Citation

Rubio, Kristine V, "Prevalence and risk factors for Helicobacter pylori in the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo population" (2011). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1497591.