Changes in sexual behaviors associated with crack cocaine cessation among African Americans in Houston, Texas
Aim To examine the association between the crack cocaine cessation and risky sexual behaviors. Design and setting Between June 2002 and March 2005, a sample of African-American residents of Houston, Texas who were using crack at the time of enrollment participated in a cohort study to evaluate per outreach interventions to reduce HIV risk behaviors. The sample for this study consisted of 351 women and men who completed structured surveys at baseline and at six months about socio-demographic characteristics, drug use, and sexual behaviors. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the association between crack cessation and risky sexual behaviors at follow-up, while controlling for confounding characteristics. Measurements Crack cessation was defined as reporting no crack use in the 30 days prior to the follow-up interview. Possible associated factors included unprotected sex, having multiple sex partners, trading sex for money/drugs, crack use, and socio-demographic variables. Findings At the six-month follow-up interview, 21% of participants reported that they had not used crack in the previous 30 days. For women, crack cessation was significantly associated with having only one sex partner at follow-up; for men, crack cessation was significantly associated with being single, separated, or divorced at baseline, having only one sex partner at follow-up, and initiating protected sex by follow-up. Conclusion These findings support previous research indicating that crack use is associated with unprotected sex and multiple sexual partners, as men and women who ceased crack use were less likely to engage in these risky sexual behaviors. Findings demonstrate that treatment for crack use could have a meaningful effect on risky sexual behaviors and HIV/STI prevention.
Ratliff, Eric A, "Changes in sexual behaviors associated with crack cocaine cessation among African Americans in Houston, Texas" (2011). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1497694.