Colorectal cancer: An insight on dietary factors

Romil Chadha, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Aim. To assess the relationships between dietary factors and colorectal cancer risk. Methods. We looked at all the systematic reviews published in last ten years on the topic. Results. For fruits-vegetables some studies1 were significant for heterogeneity and others2 were not. In study by Aune at al3 only fruits were significant, although all the studies had protective RR between 0.90 to 0.94. For folate only case-control group of studies, the study by Sanjoaquin et al4 was significant with p heterogeneity being 0.01 and all of them had protective effect with RR between 0.75 to 0.95, for dietary as well as total folate. For fiber study by Park et al5 p was insignificant at 0.14 an RR was 0.84. Vitamin B6 study by Larsson et al6 had significant p with RR 0.90. For dietary fat both Alexander7 and Liu8 concluded that there is insufficient evidence that dietary fat is an independent causative risk factor. Only one study by Norat et al9 out of three was able to achieve significant p heterogeneity for meat. All the studies reported RR between 1.14 to 1.35, clearly implicating meat as culprit for increasing the risk of colorectal cancer. Conclusions. We would recommend the use of fruits and vegetables to be protective against colorectal cancer. Also meat consumption increases the risk of colorectal cancer. *Please refer to dissertation for references/footnotes.

Subject Area

Nutrition|Public health|Oncology

Recommended Citation

Chadha, Romil, "Colorectal cancer: An insight on dietary factors" (2011). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1508202.