Association of ALLHAT investigator characteristics with participant recruitment

Megan Holderness, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Clinical trials are often not successful because of the inability to recruit a sufficient number of patients. The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT), the largest antihypertensive trial ever conducted, provided highly generalized results and successful recruitment of over 42,000 participants. The overall purpose of this study was to examine the association of investigator characteristics with anti-hypertensive (AHT) participant recruitment in ALLHAT. This secondary data analyses collected data from the ALLHAT investigator profile survey and related investigator characteristics to recruitment success. The sample size was 502 investigators, with recruitment data from 37,947AHT participants. Recruitment was dichotomized by categorizing all sites with recruitment numbers at or above the overall median recruitment number of 46 as "Successful Recruitment". Frequency distributions and univariate and multivariate logistic regression were conducted. When adjusting for all other factors, Hispanic ethnicity, suburban setting, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Centers (VAMC) site type, number of clinical site staff working on the trial, study coordinator hours per week, medical conference sessions attended, the investigator's primary goal and the likelihood that a physician will convince a patient to continue on randomized treatment, have significant impacts on the recruitment success of ALLHAT investigators. Most of the ALLHAT investigators described their primary commitment as being towards their patients and not to scientific knowledge alone. However, investigators that distinguished themselves as leaders in research had greater recruitment success than investigators who were leaders in clinical practice. ALLHAT was a highly successful trial that proved that community based cardiovascular trials can be implemented on a large scale. Exploring characteristics of ALLHAT investigators provides data that can be generalized to sponsors, sites, and others interested in maximizing clinical trial recruitment numbers. Future studies should further evaluate investigator and study coordinator factors that impact cardiovascular clinical trial recruitment success.

Subject Area

Epidemiology|Health care management

Recommended Citation

Holderness, Megan, "Association of ALLHAT investigator characteristics with participant recruitment" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1515590.