Association of TNF-α genetic variants with HPV-associated oral cancer risk—a case-control study
The incidence of OSCC in younger population and in those who never smoked or drank has increased since the last decade. This increase may be attributable to increase of infection with HPV. The pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-&agr; has the role in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory diseases and was found to control HPV infection in cervical cancer studies. Our study aimed to investigate the association between the four polymorphisms located in TNF-&agr; promoter region, -308(rs1800629), -857(rs1799724), -863(rs1800630) and -1031(rs1799964), and the risk of HPV-related OSCC. In this hospital-based case-control study, 325 cases and 335 controls were included. We found that HPV 16 seropositivity was associated with an increased risk of oral cancer (OR = 3.1, 95% CI, 2.1–4.6). Each of the polymorphism showed to increase the risk of HPV-related OSCC. And after combining the risk genotypes and using the low-risk group (0–1 combined risk genotypes) and HPV16 seronegativity as the reference group, only the high-risk groups (3–4 combined risk genotypes) and HPV16 seronegativity were associated with a low OR of 1.8 (95% CI, 1.1–2.8), while the low-risk and high-risk groups and HPV16 seropositivity were significantly associated with a higher OR of 2.7 (95% CI, 1.3–5.8) and 8.5 (95% CI, 3.7–19.4), respectively. In addition, the joint effects were greater among the young subjects (aged<50), males, never smokers or never drinkers, and patients with oropharyngeal cancer. Overall, the four TNF-&agr; polymorphisms, individually or collectively, would result in a significantly increased risk for HPV16-associated oral cancer in a non-Hispanic white population. More large sized studies are needed for future investigation.
Jin, Anqi, "Association of TNF-α genetic variants with HPV-associated oral cancer risk—a case-control study" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1515592.