A systematic review of telemedicine interventions for type 2 diabetes patients

Lindsay Roach, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Telemedicine is the use of telecommunications to support health care services and it incorporates a wide range of technology and devices. This systematic review seeks to determine which types of telemedicine technologies have been the most effective at improving the major health factors of subjects with type 2 diabetes. The major health factors identified were blood glucose, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, LDL cholesterol, weight, BMI, triglyceride levels, and waist circumference. A literature search was performed using peer reviewed, scholarly articles focused on the health outcomes of type 2 diabetes patients served by various telemedicine interventions. A total of 15 articles met the search criteria and were then analyzed to determine the significant health outcomes of each telemedicine interventions for type 2 diabetes patients. Results showed that telemedicine interventions using videoconferencing technology resulted in significant improvements in five health factor outcomes (total body weight, BMI, blood glucose, LDL cholesterol, and blood pressure), while telemedicine interventions using web applications and health monitors/modems only produced significant improvements in blood glucose. Future research should focus on examining the costs and benefits of videoconferencing and other telemedicine technologies for type 2 diabetes patients.

Subject Area

Medicine|Public health

Recommended Citation

Roach, Lindsay, "A systematic review of telemedicine interventions for type 2 diabetes patients" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1515604.