Genetic variants associated with metastatic prostate cancer
Introduction. Distant metastasis remains the leading cause of death among prostate cancer patients. Several genetic susceptibility loci associated with Prostate cancer have been identified by the Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS). To date, few studies have explored the ability of these SNPs to identify metastatic prostate cancer. Based on the identification of genetic variants as predictors of aggressive disease, a case comparison study of prostate cancer patients was designed to explore the association of 96 GWAS single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with metastatic disease. Method. 1242 histologically confirmed prostate cancer patients, with and without metastatic disease, were enrolled into the study. Data were collected from personal interviews, hospital database and abstraction of medical records. Ninety six SNPs identified from GWAS studies based on their associations with prostate cancer risk were genotyped in the study population. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to explore the relationships of the variants with metastatic prostate cancer in Whites and African American men. Results. Four SNPs showed independent associations with metastatic prostate cancer (rs721048 in EHBP1 (2p15), rs3025039 in VEGF (6p12), rs11228565 in Intergenic(11q13.2) and rs2735839 in KLK3(19q13.33)) in the White population. For SNP rs2735839 in KLK3, genotype GA was 1.71 times as likely to be associated with metastatic prostate cancer diagnosis as genotype AA after adjusting for other significant SNPs and covariates (95% CI, 1.12-2.60; p=0.012). In men of African descent, three SNPs: rs1512268 in NKX3-1(8p21.2), rs12155172 in intergenic (7p15.3) & rs10486567 in JAZF1 (7p15.2) were positively associated with metastatic disease in the multivariate analysis. The strongest SNP was rs1512268 heterozygous genotype AG in NKX3-1(8p21.2) which was associated with 3.97-fold increased risk of metastatic prostate cancer diagnosis (95% CI, 1.69-9.34; p =0.002). Conclusion. Genetic variants associated with metastatic prostate cancer were different in Whites and African American men. Given the high mortality rate recorded in men diagnosed with metastatic prostate tumor, further studies are needed to validate associations and establish their clinical application.
Kolawole, Seidu Moshood, "Genetic variants associated with metastatic prostate cancer" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1515606.