The relationship between obesity, autoimmune disease, and C-reactive protein: A secondary data analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009–2010
Autoimmune diseases are a group of inflammatory conditions in which the body's immune system attacks its own cells. There are over 80 diseases classified as autoimmune disorders, affecting up to 23.5 million Americans. Obesity affects 32.3% of the US adult population, and could also be considered an inflammatory condition, as indicated by the presence of chronic low-grade inflammation. C-reactive protein (CRP) is a marker of inflammation, and is associated with both adiposity and autoimmune inflammation. This study sought to determine the cross-sectional association between obesity and autoimmune diseases in a large, nationally representative population derived from NHANES 2009–10 data, and the role CRP might play in this relationship. Overall, the results determined that individuals with autoimmune disease were 2.11 times more likely to report being overweight than individuals without autoimmune disease and that CRP had a mediating affect on the obesity-autoimmune relationship.
Dixon, Ashley M, "The relationship between obesity, autoimmune disease, and C-reactive protein: A secondary data analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009–2010" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1516303.