Fasting blood glucose and 8-year mortality in the hypertension detection follow-up program population

Bena Ellickalputhenpura, The University of Texas School of Public Health


This study analyzed the relationship between fasting blood glucose (FBG) and 8-year mortality in the Hypertension Detection Follow-up Program (HDFP) population. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) was examined both as a continuous variable and by specified FBG strata: Normal (FBG 60–100 mg/dL), Impaired (FBG ≥100 and ≤125 mg/dL), and Diabetic (FBG>125 mg/dL or pre-existing diabetes) subgroups. The relationship between type 2 diabetes was examined with all-cause mortality. This thesis described and compared the characteristics of fasting blood glucose strata by recognized glucose cut-points; described the mortality rates in the various fasting blood glucose strata using Kaplan-Meier mortality curves, and compared the mortality risk of various strata using Cox Regression analysis. Overall, mortality was significantly greater among Referred Care (RC) participants compared to Stepped Care (SC) {HR = 1.17; 95% CI (1.052,1.309); p-value = 0.004}, as reported by the HDFP investigators in 1979. Compared with SC participants, the RC mortality rate was significantly higher for the Normal FBG group {HR = 1.18; 95% CI (1.029,1.363); p-value = 0.019} and the Impaired FBG group, {HR = 1.34; 95% CI (1.036,1.734); p-value = 0.026,}. However, for the diabetic group, 8-year mortality did not differ significantly between the RC and SC groups after adjusting for race, gender, age, smoking status among Diabetic individuals {HR = 1.03; 95% CI (0.816,1.303); p-value = 0.798}. This latter finding is possibly due to a lack of a treatment difference of hypertension among Diabetic participants in both RC and SC groups. The largest difference in mortality between RC and SC was in the Impaired subgroup, suggesting that hypertensive patients with FBG between 100 and 125 mg/dL would benefit from aggressive antihypertensive therapy.

Subject Area


Recommended Citation

Ellickalputhenpura, Bena, "Fasting blood glucose and 8-year mortality in the hypertension detection follow-up program population" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1518772.