Literature review of estimation of prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS in India using population survey and sentinel surveillance based data

Kanan Garg, The University of Texas School of Public Health

Abstract

HIV/AIDS is a treatable although incurable disease that presents immense challenges to those infected including physical, social and psychological effects. As of 2009, an estimated 2.4 million people were living with HIV or AIDS in India, 0.3% of the country's population. In India, it is difficult to not only treat but also to track because it is associated with socio-economic factors such as illiteracy, social biases, poor sanitation, malnutrition and social class. Nevertheless, it is important to know the prevalence of HIV/AIDS for several reasons. At the individual level, the quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS is markedly lower than their counterparts without the disease and is associated with challenges. At the community level, it is important to identify high risk groups, monitor prevention efforts, and allocate appropriate resources to target programs for the reduction of transmission of HIV.

Subject Area

Epidemiology

Recommended Citation

Garg, Kanan, "Literature review of estimation of prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS in India using population survey and sentinel surveillance based data" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1518774.
https://digitalcommons.library.tmc.edu/dissertations/AAI1518774

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