Comparison of two strategies for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction: In-hospital outcomes analysis
A strategy of pre-hospital reduced dose fibrinolytic administration coupled with urgent coronary intervention (PCI) for patients with STEMI (FAST-PCI) has been found to be superior to primary PCI (PPCI) alone. A coordinated STEMI system-of-care that includes FAST-PCI might offer better outcomes than pre-hospital diagnosis and STEMI team activation followed by PPCI alone. We compared the in-hospital outcomes for patients treated with the FAST-PCI approach with outcomes for patients treated with the PPCI approach during a pause in the FAST-PCI protocol. In-hospital data for 253 STEMI patients (03/2003–12/2009), treated with FAST-PCI protocol were compared to 124 patients (12/2009–08/2011), treated with PPCI strategy alone. In-hospital mortality was the primary endpoint. Stroke, major bleeding, and reinfarction during index hospitalization were secondary endpoints. Comparing the strategies used during the two time intervals, in-hospital mortality was significantly lower with FAST-PCI than with PPCI (2.77% vs. 10.48%, p = 0.0017). Rates of stroke, reinfarction and major bleeding were similar between the two groups. There was a lower frequency of pre- PCI TIMI 0 flow (no patency) seen in patients treated with FAST-PCI compared to the PPCI patients (26.7% vs. 62.7%, p<0.0001). Earlier infarct related artery patency in the FAST-PCI group had a favorable impact on the incidence of cardiogenic shock at hospital admission (FAST-PCI- 3.1% vs. PPCI- 20.9%, p<0.0001). The FAST-PCI strategy was associated with earlier infarct related artery patency and the lower incidence of cardiogenic shock on hospital arrival, as well as with reduced in-hospital mortality among STEMI patients.
Bhatt, Neel Sanjivbhai, "Comparison of two strategies for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction: In-hospital outcomes analysis" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1519538.