Impact of donor-recipient gender and race mismatching on patient survival in patients with end-stage liver diseases undergoing liver transplantation
Background. End-stage liver disease (ESLD) is an irreversible condition that leads to the imminent complete failure of the liver. Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has been well accepted as the best curative option for patients with ESLD. Despite the progress in liver transplantation, the major limitation nowadays is the discrepancy between donor supply and organ demand. In an effort to alleviate this situation, mismatched donor and recipient gender or race livers are being used. However, the simultaneous impact of donor and recipient gender and race mismatching on patient survival after OLT remains unclear and relatively challenging to surgeons. Objective. To examine the impact of donor and recipient gender and race mismatching on patient survival after OLT using the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) database. Methods. A total of 40,644 recipients who underwent OLT between 2002 and 2011 were included. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and the log-rank tests were used to compare the survival rates among different donor-recipient gender and race combinations. Univariate Cox regression analysis was used to assess the association of donor-recipient gender and race mismatching with patient survival after OLT. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to model the simultaneous impact of donor-recipient gender and race mismatching on patient survival after OLT adjusting for a list of other risk factors. Multivariable Cox regression analysis stratifying on recipient hepatitis C virus (HCV) status was also conducted to identify the variables that were differentially associated with patient survival in HCV + and HCV − recipients. Results. In the univariate analysis, compared to male donors to male recipients, female donors to male recipients had a higher risk of patient mortality (HR, 1.122; 95% CI, 1.065–1.183), while in the multivariable analysis, male donors to female recipients experienced an increased mortality rates (adjusted HR, 1.114; 95% CI, 1.048–1.184). Compared to white donors to white recipients, Hispanic donors to black recipients had a higher risk of patient mortality (HR, 1.527; 95% CI, 1.293–1.804) in the univariate analysis, and similar result (adjusted HR, 1.553; 95% CI, 1.314–1.836) was noted in multivariable analysis. After the stratification on recipient HCV status in the multivariable analysis, HCV + mismatched recipients appeared to be at greater risk of mortality than HCV − mismatched recipients. Female donors to female HCV − recipients (adjusted HR, 0.843; 95% CI, 0.769–0.923), and Hispanic HCV + recipients receiving livers from black donors (adjusted HR, 0.758; 95% CI, 0.598–0.960) had a protective effect on patient survival after OLT. Conclusion. Donor-recipient gender and race mismatching adversely affect patient survival after OLT, both independently and after the adjustment for other risk factors. Female recipient HCV status is an important effect modifier in the association between donor-recipient gender combination and patient survival.
Zhang, Yefei, "Impact of donor-recipient gender and race mismatching on patient survival in patients with end-stage liver diseases undergoing liver transplantation" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1519604.