Factors associated with contraception use among postpartum or parenting Latina adolescents: A systematic review

Michelle L Solomon, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Despite advances in effective and long-acting contraceptive methods and the introduction into health care that an initial unplanned pregnancy allows, repeat unplanned pregnancy continues to affect Hispanic adolescents at a rate higher than that of non-Hispanic whites. The current study was undertaken to identify and categorize factors associated with uptake of long acting contraception (implant or intrauterine devices) or consistent use of highly effective methods (injectable DMPA, ring, patch, or pills), among Hispanic/Latina teens who have previously given birth. ^ I searched Ovid Medline, Pubmed, CINAHL, PsychINFO, POPLINE and Scopus, and reference lists for studies in English, ≥1980, of original data from the United States on factors related to initiation, maintenance, or discontinuation of contraceptive methods in postpartum or parenting adolescent females. I then identified articles that specified the inclusion of Hispanics/Latinas in the study population and either reported findings specific to race/ethnicity or used race/ethnicity as an independent variable in analyses of contributing factors. I then extracted data for each study and categorized independent variables as predisposing, enabling, or reinforcing following the PRECEDE model.1 Factors found to be associated with contraception use or non-use were combined to create a logic model of risk. ^ Of 9 eligible studies, one solely addressed initiation; one, initiation and maintenance; two, initiation and discontinuation; three, maintenance; and two, maintenance and discontinuation. There was some overlap in the studies' assessments of maintenance and discontinuation and the author(s) often did not distinguish between the two. Nearly all (k=7) were prospective observational studies with convenience samples and bivariate analyses (k=6). One study was initially a quasi-experimental design but became a prospective cohort due to extremely high attrition. Sociodemographic characteristics and predisposing factors were studied frequently, as were reinforcing factors; enabling factors were discussed infrequently and only in studies involving focus groups or interviews. Due to a paucity of research, a consensus of factors found consistently to influence the contraception behavior of postpartum Latina teens could not be established for the overall population nor for cultural subgroups. Future research is needed that focuses on postpartum/parenting Latina teens, with subgroup identification and differentiation, to determine the prevalent and pertinent predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors related to effective contraception initiation and maintenance.^

Subject Area

Health Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynecology|Psychology, Behavioral|Health Sciences, Public Health|Hispanic American Studies

Recommended Citation

Solomon, Michelle L, "Factors associated with contraception use among postpartum or parenting Latina adolescents: A systematic review" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1519616.