Correlation of blood type with thrombosis in pancreatic cancer patients
Objective: The study aimed to identify the risk factors involved in initiating thromboembolism (TE) in pancreatic cancer (PC) patients, with focus on ABO blood type. Methods and Patients: There were 35.7% confirmed cases of TE and 64.3% cases remained free of TE (n=687). There were 12.7% only Pulmonary embolism (PE), 9% only Deep vein thrombosis (DVT), 53.5% only other sites, 3.3% combined PE and DVT, 8.6% combined PE and other sites, 9.8% combined DVT and other sites, and 3.3% all three combined cases. Results: The risk factors for thrombosis identified by multivariate logistic regression were: history of previous anti-thrombotic treatment, tumor site in pancreatic body or tail, large tumor size, maximum glucose category more than 126 and 200 mg/dL. The factors with worse overall survival by multivariate Cox regression and Kaplan Meier analyses were: locally advanced or metastatic stage, worsening performance status, high CA 19-9 levels, and HbA1C levels more than 6 %, at diagnosis. There were 29.1% and 39.1% of the patients with thrombosis in the O and non-O blood type groups respectively. Both Non-O blood type (P=0.02) and the A, B and AB blood types (P= 0.007) were associated with thrombosis as compared to O type. The odds of thrombosis were nearly half in O blood type patients as compared to non-O blood type [OR-0.54 (95% C.I.- 0.37-0.79), P<0.001]. Conclusion: A better understanding of the TE and PC relationship and involved risk factors may provide insights on tumor biology and patient response to prophylactic anticoagulation therapy.
Pise, Mayurika, "Correlation of blood type with thrombosis in pancreatic cancer patients" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1530235.