The prevention of catheter related bloodstream infections in a pediatric population
Catheter related bloodstream infections are a significant barrier to success in many inpatient healthcare facilities. The goal of this study was to analyze and determine if an evidence based methodology to reduce the number of catheter related bloodstream infections in a pediatric inpatient healthcare facility had significant impact on the infection rate. Catheter related bloodstream infection rates were compared before and after program implementation. The patient population was selected based upon a recommendation in the 2010 National Healthcare Safety Network report on device related infections. This report indicated a need for more data on pediatric populations requiring admission to a long term care facility. The study design is a retrospective cohort study. Catheter related bloodstream infection data was gathered between 2008 and 2011. In October of 2008 a program implementation began to reduce the number of catheter related bloodstream infections. The key components of this initiative were to implement a standardized catheter maintenance checklist, introduce the usage of a chlorhexadine gluconate based product for catheter maintenance and skin antisepsis, and a multidisciplinary education plan that focused on hand hygiene and aseptic technique. The catheter related bloodstream infection rate in 2008 was 21.21 infections per 1000 patient-line days. After program implementation the 2009 catheter related bloodstream infection rate dropped to 1.11 per 1000 patient-line days. The infection rates in 2010 and 2011 were 2.19 and 1.47 respectively. Additionally, this study demonstrated that there was a potential cost savings of $620,000 to $1,240,000 between 2008 and 2009. In conclusion, an evidence based program based upon CDC guidelines can have a significant impact on catheter related bloodstream infection rates.
Bonilla, Antonio, "The prevention of catheter related bloodstream infections in a pediatric population" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1533363.