Bacteremia and mortality within 30 days of catheter-associated bacteriuria
Background: The distinction between catheter-associated asymptomatic bacteriuria (CAABU) and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) has only recently been widely appreciated. Our aims were to describe the relationship between CAUTI/CAABU and subsequent bacteremia and to investigate whether CAUTI/CAABU and antimicrobial use was associated with either bacteremia or mortality within 30 days. ^ Methods: Our study design was retrospective cohort. Patients with a urinary catheter and a positive urine culture between October 2010 and June 2011 at a large tertiary care facility were included. A multivariable model for analysis was constructed which controlled for age, race, Charlson co-morbidity score, catheter type and duration, category of organism,antimicrobials and classification of the catheter-associated bacteriuria as CAUTI or CAABU. ^ Results: Data from 444 catheter associated urine culture episodes in 308 unique patients were included in the analysis. Overall mortality was 21.1% (61 of 308 patients) within 30 days. Among the 444 urine culture episodes, 402 (90.5%) of these episodes were associated with antibiotic use. 52 (11.7%) of episodes were associated with bacteremia, but only 3 episodes of bacteremia (0.7% of 444 CAB episodes) were caused by an organism from the urinary tract. One of these episodes was CAABU and the other 2 were CAUTI. Bacteremia within 30 days was associated with having CAUTI rather than CAABU and having an indwelling urinary catheter rather than a condom catheter. The variables which were found to be significant for mortality within 30 days were a higher Charlson co-morbidity score and the presence of Candida in the urine culture. Use of antimicrobial agents to treat the bacteriuria was not associated with an increase or decrease in either bacteremia or mortality. ^ Conclusions: Our findings call into question the practice of giving antimicrobial agents to treat bacteriuria in an inpatient population with nearly universal antimicrobial use. A better practice may be targeted treatment of bacteriuria in patients with risk factors predictive of bacteremia and mortality.^
Health Sciences, Medicine and Surgery
Kizilbash, Quratulain, "Bacteremia and mortality within 30 days of catheter-associated bacteriuria" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1533598.