Baseline quality of life as a predictor of exercise intervention adherence among endometrial cancer survivors

Melissa Karlsten, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Background: The objective of this analysis is to test whether baseline quality of life (QOL) measurements, body mass index (BMI) and prior exercise behavior are significantly associated with (1) telephone counseling adherence, and (2) activity at the final assessment, in a physical activity promoting intervention among endometrial cancer survivors. Methods: One hundred endometrial cancer survivors not currently meeting physical activity guidelines completed baseline QOL and anthropometric assessments to measure general physical and mental health [Medical Outcomes Survey (SF-36)], sleep patterns and sleep quality [Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)], perceived stress [Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)], cancer-specific concerns of long-term survivors [Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors (QLACS)], and psychological distress [Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18)]. Survivors were counseled by telephone during the 6-month intervention and their completion rate determined their adherence. The primary variables of interest included age, baseline BMI, baseline activity level, time since diagnosis, education, treatment received, and the SF-36 physical and mental component scores. Results: Final activity was most closely linked with baseline activity (p<.001) and less invasive surgery, being leaner and older, and experiencing less pain and more vitality. Telephone counseling was also predicted well by baseline activity, working less and having better overall cancer-related functioning. Conclusion: Above and beyond the QOL measures, baseline activity was the strongest predictor of both final activity and telephone counseling adherence. While education, surgery treatment type and bodily pain were important predictors for final exercise and employment status and cancer-related quality of life were important predictors for telephone counseling adherence, considering adaptive exercise interventions that focus heavily on engaging inactive participants may be a way to produce better exercise-related outcomes in the endometrial cancer survivor population.

Subject Area

Public health|Kinesiology|Oncology

Recommended Citation

Karlsten, Melissa, "Baseline quality of life as a predictor of exercise intervention adherence among endometrial cancer survivors" (2013). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1541010.