Menu labeling and food choice: A systematic review of the literature concerning the effects of menu labeling on consumer food choices
Objective: To review published literature on the impact of restaurant menu labeling on consumer food choices. Method: To examine all relevant studies published on the topic from 2002 to 2012. Results: Sixteen studies were identified as relevant and suitable for review. These studies comprised of one systematic review, one health impact assessment, and fourteen research studies conducted at restaurants, cafeterias, and laboratories. Three of ten studies conducted at restaurants and cafeterias and two of four studies conducted at laboratories found positive effects of menu labeling on consumer food choices. Conversely, the systematic review identified for this review found that five out of six studies resulted in weakly positive effects. The health impact assessment estimated positive effects; however, the results of this assessment must be cautiously interpreted since the authors used simulated data. Conclusion: Overall, there is insufficient evidence to provide support for the majority of the types of menu labels identified in this review on consumer food choice.
Liu, Jessica, "Menu labeling and food choice: A systematic review of the literature concerning the effects of menu labeling on consumer food choices" (2013). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1541125.