Clinical trials, informed consent, & emergency medicine: A systematic literature review

Courtney Petty, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Background: In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates clinical trials. These regulations address good clinical practices as well as human subject protection (FDA, 2012). One of the most important legal and ethical concerns in clinical trials is informed consent. 21 CFR 50 governs human subjects research. Part 50.24 provides an emergency research exception to the informed consent requirement. Research was conducted to determine the appropriateness of this exception, whether the benefit justifies the exception, and its public health significance. Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted and articles were identified from peer-reviewed journals. Results: There is some variance in opinions regarding the appropriateness of the exception, but the literature reviewed found the study results of these trials justified the waiver. Conclusion: The exception to the informed consent requirement is likely appropriate and justified in emergency research when implemented within the specified guidelines.

Subject Area

Law|Medical Ethics|Public health|Health care management

Recommended Citation

Petty, Courtney, "Clinical trials, informed consent, & emergency medicine: A systematic literature review" (2013). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1543283.