Characterization of template switching and recombination during Moloney murine leukemia virus replication
Retroviruses uniquely co-package two copies of their genomic RNA within each virion. The two copies are used as templates for synthesis of the proviral DNA during the process of reverse transcription. Two template switches are required to complete retroviral DNA synthesis by the retroviral enzyme, reverse transcriptase. With two RNA genomes present in the virion, reverse transcriptase can make template switches utilizing only one of the RNA templates (intramolecular) or utilizing both RNA templates (intermolecular) during the process of reverse transcription. The results presented in this study show that during a single cycle of Moloney murine leukemia virus replication, both nonrecombinant and recombinant proviruses predominantly underwent intramolecular minus- and plus-strand transfers during the process of reverse transcription. This is the first study to examine the nature of the required template switches occurring during MLV replication and these results support the previous findings for SNV, and the hypothesis that the required template switches are ordered events. This study also determined rates for deletion and a rate of recombination for a single cycle of MLV replication. The rates reported here are comparable to the rates previously reported for both SNV and MLV.
Molecular biology|Cellular biology|Microbiology
Skinner, Cynthia Ruth, "Characterization of template switching and recombination during Moloney murine leukemia virus replication" (2001). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3004459.