Integrin mediated growth and apoptosis in human gastric adenocarcinoma
Integrins are important as the primary cell adhesion molecule providing information about the extracellular microenvironment to the interior of the cell to influence cellular behavior such as differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. Apoptotic death due to loss of adhesion is termed anoikis. In this study we have obtained a parental human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line that yielded two variant lines that had differing responses to lack of adhesion. The STAD.APO cell line undergoes apoptosis when denied adherence and the STAD.ARR cell line enters into cell cycle arrest under the identical suspended conditions. We have shown that cyclin A and cyclin D mRNA and protein are down regulated when cells are denied adherence for 24 hours in tissue culture wells previously coated with poly-HEMA. To test whether cyclin A was able to rescue cells from cell cycle arrest and/or anoikis by overriding the cell cycle machinery we transfected the full length cDNA in to each cell type. Surprisingly we found that anoikis and cell cycle arrest due to suspended conditions was not affected by overexpression of cyclin A protein, but that growth under adhered conditions was reduced compared to vector alone control transfectants. Further, we transfected other cell lines; ST7, gastric cancer, MDA-MB-4.35, breast cancer, and HPB T-cell leukemic and in no case were suspended culturing conditions overcome by cyclin A. This result indicates an additional level of regulation for the cell cycle machinery. Additionally, soluble collagen was shown to be able to save from anoikis and also from cell cycle arrest while the β1 specific mAb 33B6 was only able to save from anoikis. Immunofluorescent studies show that soluble collagen creates clusters of β1 with FAK and also β1 with actin in the STAD.ARR cells but does not in the STAD.APO cells. This result indicates that the phenotypes under suspended conditions between these cell lines may diverge at their requirements for integrin ligation. Additionally we characterized the nature of anoikis by showing cytochrome c release, caspase 3, p21 and p53 activation in STAD.APO cells. Thus, our results have implications in the understanding of integrin biology and neoplastic progression.
Caruso, Denise Anne, "Integrin mediated growth and apoptosis in human gastric adenocarcinoma" (2001). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3017534.