Characterization of healing tissue in a tooth extraction socket in a rabbit model

Zahid Sultanali Lalani, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


The histology of healing in a tooth extraction socket has been described in many studies. The focus of research in bone biology and healing is now centered on molecular events that regulate repair of injured tissue. Rapid progress in cellular and molecular biology has resulted in identification of many signaling molecules (growth factors and cytokines) associated with formation and repair of skeletal tissues. Some of these include members of the transforming growth factor-β superfamily (including the bone morphogenetic proteins), fibroblast growth factors, platelet derived growth factors and insulin like growth factors. Healing of a tooth extraction socket is a complex process involving tissue repair and regeneration. It involves chemotaxis of appropriate cells into the wound, transformation of undifferentiated mesenchymal cells to osteoprogenitor cells, proliferation and differentiation of committed bone forming cells, extracellular matrix synthesis, mineralization of osteoid, maturation and remodeling of bone. Current data suggests that these cellular events are precisely controlled and regulated by specific signaling molecules. A plethora of cytokines; have been identified and studied in the past two decades. Some of these like transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) and fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are well conserved proteins involved in the initial response to injury and repair in soft and hard tissue. The purpose of this study was to characterize the spatial and temporal localization of TGF-βl, VEGF, PDGF-A, FGF-2 and BMP-2, and secretory IgA in a tooth extraction socket model, and evaluate correlation of spatial and temporal changes of these growth factors to histological events. The results of this study showed positive correlation of histological events to spatial and temporal localization of TGF-β1, BMP-2, FGF-2, PDGF-A, and VEGF in a rabbit tooth extraction model.

Subject Area

Molecular biology|Dental care

Recommended Citation

Lalani, Zahid Sultanali, "Characterization of healing tissue in a tooth extraction socket in a rabbit model" (2002). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3034645.