Regulation of Bcl-2 expression by the product of the prostate apoptosis response gene -4, Par-4
Elevated expression levels of the bcl-2 proto-oncogene have been correlated with the appearance of androgen independence in prostate cancer. Although bcl-2 was first cloned as the t (14:18) translocation breakpoint from human follicular B cell lymphoma, the mechanism of overexpression of bcl-2 is largely undefined for advanced prostate cancer, there being no gross alterations in the gene structure. We investigated the role of the product of the prostate apoptosis response gene-4 (Par-4) and the product of the Wilms' tumor 1 gene (WT1) in the regulation of Bcl-2 expression in prostate cancer cell lines. We observed growth arrest and apoptosis, upon decreasing Bcl-2 protein and transcript in the high Bcl-2 expressing, androgen-independent prostate cancer cell lines, by all trans-retinoic acid treatment but this did not occur in the androgen-dependent cell lines expressing low levels of Bcl-2. Changes in localization of Par-4, and an induction in the expression of WT1 protein accompanied the decrease in the Bcl-2 protein and transcript following all trans-retinoic acid treatment, in the androgen-independent prostate cancer cell line. In stable clones expressing ectopic Par-4 we observed decreased Bcl-2 protein and transcript. This was accompanied by an induction in WT1 expression. Finally, we detected Par-4 and WT1 proteins binding to a previously identified WT1 binding site on the bcl-2 promoter both in vitro and in vivo leading to a decrease in transcription from the bcl-2 promoter. We conclude that Par-4 regulates Bcl-2 through a WT1 binding site on the bcl-2 promoter.
Cheema, Sangeeta Kaur, "Regulation of Bcl-2 expression by the product of the prostate apoptosis response gene -4, Par-4" (2002). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3065326.