TH and XFKBP12 interact and regulate proliferation and differentiation in neural ectoderm through the TOR signaling pathway
During development, embryos must carefully integrate the processes of cell proliferation and differentiation. TH has been identified in Xenopus laevis as a gene product that functions in regulating differentiation of the neural ectoderm through its effect on cell proliferation. However, the mechanism and molecular pathway through which TH functions are not known. We identified the Xenopus FK506 binding protein homolog (XFKBP12) as a protein that interacted with TH in a yeast two-hybrid screen with TH as the bait. The direct and specific interaction between TH and XFKBP12 was supported by several tests including CO-IP, drug competence assay and mutagenesis analysis. To investigate the function of XFKBP12 during embryogenesis, we created an XFKBP12 loss of function embryo using antisense morpholino oligonucleotides (MO). XFKBP12 MO injected embryos displayed similar phenotypes as TH depleted embryos. We also demonstrated that both TH and XFKBP12 functioned through the TOR signaling pathway which is a target for cancer therapies. The interaction between TH and XFKBP 12 was required to regulate the proliferation of neural cells. Therefore, our study indicates that TH represents the endogenous ligand of XFKBP12 and together they coordinate neural cell proliferation and differentiation through the conserved rapamycin sensitive TOR pathway. Thus, understanding how this pathway functions in development will not only provide us important insights into the relationship between proliferation and differentiation, but help design rational cancer therapies targeting this pathway.
Molecular biology|Cellular biology
Xian, Wa, "TH and XFKBP12 interact and regulate proliferation and differentiation in neural ectoderm through the TOR signaling pathway" (2002). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3065329.