Antitumor activity of an Ets protein, PEA3, in breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-361DYT2 and BT474M1
Polyomavirus enhancer activator 3 (PEA3) is a member of the Ets family of transcription factors. We demonstrated in a previous study that, through down-regulating the HER-2/neu oncogene at the transcriptional level, PEA3 can inhibit the growth and tumor development of HER-2/neu-overexpressing ovarian cancer cells. Here, we established stable clones of the human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-361DYT2 that express PEA3 under the control of a tetracycline-inducible promoter. The expression of PEA3 in this cell line inhibited cell growth and resulted in cell cycle delay in the G1 phase independently of the HER-2/neu down-regulation. In an orthotopic breast cancer model, we showed that expression of PEA3 inhibited tumor growth and prolonged the survival of tumor-bearing mice. In a parallel experiment in another breast cancer cell line, BT474M1, we were unable to obtain stable PEA3-inducible transfectants, which suggests that PEA3 possessed a strong growth inhibitory effect in this cell line. Indeed, PEA3 coupled with the liposome SN2 demonstrated therapeutic effects in mice bearing tumors induced by BT474M1. These results provide evidence that the PEA3 gene could function as an antitumor and gene therapy agent for human breast cancers.
Yu, Zhenming, "Antitumor activity of an Ets protein, PEA3, in breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-361DYT2 and BT474M1" (2003). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3083502.