Towards the identification of a tumor suppressor gene on chromosome 3p12: Physical mapping and candidate gene screening
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignant tumor of the kidney. Characterization of RCC tumors indicates that the most frequent genetic event associated with the initiation of tumor formation involves a loss of heterozygosity or cytogenetic aberration on the short arm of human chromosome 3. A tumor suppressor locus Nonpapillary Renal Carcinoma-1 (NRC-1, OMIM ID 604442) has been previously mapped to a 5–7 cM region on chromosome 3p12 and shown to induce rapid tumor cell death in vivo, as demonstrated by functional complementation experiments. To identify the gene that accounts for the tumor suppressor activities of NRC-1, fine-scale physical mapping was conducted with a novel real-time quantitative PCR based method developed in this study. As a result, NRC-1 was mapped within a 4.6-Mb region defined by two unique sequences within UniGene clusters Hs.41407 and Hs.371835 (78,545Kb–83,172Kb in the NCBI build 31 physical map). The involvement of a putative tumor suppressor gene Robo1/Dutt1 was excluded as a candidate for NRC-1. Furthermore, a transcript map containing eleven candidate genes was established for the 4.6-Mb region. Analyses of gene expression patterns with real-time quantitative RT-PCR assays showed that one of the eleven candidate genes in the interval (TSGc28) is down-regulated in 15 out of 20 tumor samples compared with matched normal samples. Three exons of this gene have been identified by RACE experiments, although additional exon(s) seem to exist. Further gene characterization and functional studies are required to confirm the gene as a true tumor suppressor gene. To study the cellular functions of NRC-1, gene expression profiles of three tumor suppressive microcell hybrids, each containing a functional copy of NRC-1, were compared with those of the corresponding parental tumor cell lines using 16K oligonucleotide microarrays. Differentially expressed genes were identified. Analyses based on the Gene Ontology showed that introduction of NRC-1 into tumor cell lines activates genes in multiple cellular pathways, including cell cycle, signal transduction, cytokines and stress response. NRC-1 is likely to induce cell growth arrest indirectly through WEE1.
Zhang, Kun, "Towards the identification of a tumor suppressor gene on chromosome 3p12: Physical mapping and candidate gene screening" (2003). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3083503.