Genetic mechanisms of sodium-potassium-ATPase regulation in hypertension
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is a model of essential hypertension. During the early development of hypertension, the SHR demonstrates increased proximal tubule (PT) Na+ reabsorption. I hypothesized that the increased PT Na+ reabsorption exhibited by the young SHR was due to altered sub-cellular distribution of Na+, K +-ATPase compared to the normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY). The hypothesis is supported, herein, by observations of greater Na+, K +-ATPase α 1 abundance in PT plasma membrane and lower abundance in late endosomes of 4wk SHR despite no difference in total PT α 1 abundance. There is a greater amount of Ser-18 unphosphorylated α 1 in the 4wk SHR PT. Total PT Na+, K+-ATPase γ abundance is greater in SHR at 4wk and 16wk but γ abundance in plasma membrane is greater only at 4wk. The phosphatase, calcineurin, was chosen for study because it is involved in the stimulation of Na+, K +-ATPase. No difference in calcineurin coding sequence, expression, or activity was observed in SHR. Gene expression arrays were next used to find candidate genes involved in the regulation of Na+, K +-ATPase. The first candidate analyzed was soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). The gene encoding sEH (EPHX2) showed lower expression in SHR. There was also a reduction in sEH protein abundance but there was no correlation between protein abundance and blood pressure in F2 progeny. Two EPHX2 alleles were identified, an ancestral allele and a variant allele containing four polymorphisms. sEH activity was greater in animals carrying the variant allele but the inheritance of the variant allele did not correlate with blood pressure. Gene expression arrays also led to the examination of genes involved in redox balance/Na+, K+-ATPase regulation. A pattern of lower expression of genes involved in reactive radical detoxification in SHR was discerned. Six transcription factor binding sites were identified that occurred more often in these genes. Three transcription factors that bind to the HNF1 site were expressed at lower levels in SHR. This points to the HNF1 transcriptional complex as an important trans-acting regulator of a wide range of genes involved in altered redox balance in SHR.
Anatomy & physiology|Animals|Cellular biology|Genetics
Hinojos, Cruz Alfred David, "Genetic mechanisms of sodium-potassium-ATPase regulation in hypertension" (2003). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3115903.