The contribution of A3 adenosine receptor signaling to pulmonary inflammation and mucus secretion in the mouse
Adenosine has been implicated in chronic lung diseases such as asthma and COPD. Most physiological actions of adenosine are mediated through G-protein coupled adenosine receptors. Four subtypes of adenosine receptors have been identified, A1, A2A, A2B, and A 3. However, the specific roles of the various adenosine receptors in processes central to asthma and COPD are not well understood in part due to the lack of adequate animal models that examine the effect of adenosine on the development of lung disease. In this study we have investigated the expression and function of the A3 adenosine receptor in pulmonary eosinophilia and mucus production/secretion in adenosine deaminase (ADA)-deficient mice in which adenosine levels are elevated. ADA-deficient mice develop features of asthma and COPD, including lung eosinophilia and mucus hyperplasia in association with elevated lung adenosine levels. The A3 receptor was found to be expressed in eosinophils and mucus producing cells in the airways of ADA-deficient. Disruption of A3 receptor signaling in ADA-deficient mice by genetic removal of the receptor or treatment with MRS 1523, a selective A3 adenosine receptor antagonist, prevented airway eosinophilia and mucus production. Although eosinophils were decreased in the airways of ADA-deficient mice with disrupted A3 receptor signaling, elevations in circulating and lung interstitial eosinophils persisted, suggesting signaling through the A3 receptor is needed for the migration of eosinophils into the airways. Further examination of the role of the A3 receptor in mucus biology demonstrated that the A3 receptor is neither required nor is overexpression of the receptor in clara cells sufficient for mucus production in naive mice. Transgenic overexpression of the A3 receptor did elucidate a role for the A3 receptor in the secretion of mucus into the airways of ovalbumin challenged mice. These findings identify an important role for the A3 adenosine receptor in regulating lung eosinophilia and mucus secretion in inflammatory lung diseases. Therefore, the A3 adenosine receptor may represent a novel therapeutic target for the treatment and prevention of asthma.
Young, Hays Wilson Jorden, "The contribution of A3 adenosine receptor signaling to pulmonary inflammation and mucus secretion in the mouse" (2004). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3115911.