CCTη: A novel soluble guanylyl cyclase-interacting protein
Nitric oxide (NO) transduces most of its biological effects through activation of the heterodimeric enzyme, soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC). Activation of sGC results in the production of 3′,5 ′-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) from 5′ -guanosine triphosphate (GTP). In this thesis, we demonstrate a novel protein interaction between CCT (chaperonin containing t-complex polypeptide) subunit η and the α1β1 isoform of sGC. Using the yeast-two-hybrid system, CCTη was found to interact with the N-terminal portion of β1 subunit of sGC. This interaction was then confirmed in vitro with a co-immunoprecipitation from mouse brain. The interaction between these two proteins was further supported by a co-localization of the proteins within rat brain. Using the yeast-two-hybrid system, CCTη was found to bind to the N-terminal portion of sGC. In vitro assays with purified CCTη and Sf9 lysate expressing sGC resulted in a 33% inhibition of sodium nitroprusside (SNP)-stimulated sGC activity. The same assays were then performed using BAY41-2272, an NO-independent allosteric sGC activator, and CCTη had no effect on this activity. Furthermore, CCTη had no effect on the activity of αβCys105 sGC a constitutively active mutant that lacks a heme group. Of note is the fact that the full-length CCTη-expressing bacterial lysate inhibited the activity of sGC-expressing Sf9 lysate by 48% compared with GST alone. This indicates that the amino terminal 94 amino acids of CCTη are important to the inhibition of sGC activity. Lastly, a 45% inhibition of sGC activity by CCTη was seen in vivo in BE2 cells stably transfected with CCTη and treated with SNP. The fact that the inhibition of sGC was more pronounced with bacterial lysate expressing CCTη versus the purified CCTη implies that some factor in the bacterial lysate enhances the inhibitory effect of CCTη. Because the level of inhibition seen in bacterial lysate and in vivo experiments is similar, might imply that the factor that aids in CCTη effect on sGC is conserved. Together, these data suggest that CCTη is a novel type of sGC inhibitor that inhibits sGC by modifying the binding of NO to the heme group or the subsequent conformational changes induced by NO binding.
Hanafy, Khalid A, "CCTη: A novel soluble guanylyl cyclase-interacting protein" (2004). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3131482.