Molecular mechanisms of NF-κB activation in metastatic pancreatic cancer cells
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is the fourth leading cause of adult cancer death in the United States. At the time of diagnosis, most patients with pancreatic cancer have advanced and metastatic disease, which makes most of the traditional therapeutic strategies are ineffective for pancreatic cancer. A better understanding of the molecular basis of pancreatic cancer will provide the approach to identify the new strategies for early diagnosis and treatment. NF-κB is a family of transcription factor that play important roles in immune response, cell growth, apoptosis, and tumor development. We have shown that NF-κB is constitutively activated in most human pancreatic tumor tissues and cell lines, but not in the normal tissues and HPV E6E7 gene-immortalized human pancreatic ductal epithelial cells (HPDE/E6E7). By infecting the pancreatic cancer cell line Aspc-1 with a replication defective retrovirus expressing phosphorylation-defective IκBα (IκBαM), the constitutive NF-κB activation is blocked. Subsequent injection of this Aspc-1/IκBαM cells into the pancreas of athymic nude mice showed that liver metastasis is suppressed by the blockade of NF-κB activation. Current studies showed that an autocrine mechanism accounts for the constitutive activation of NF-κB in metastatic human pancreatic cancer cell lines, but not in nonmetastatic human pancreatic cancer cell lines. Further investigation showed that interleukin-1α (IL-1α) was the primary cytokine secreted by these cells that activates NF-κB. Inhibition of IL-1α activity suppressed the constitutive activation of NF-κB and the expression of its downstream target gene, uPA, in metastatic pancreatic cancer cell lines. Even though IL-1α is one of the previously identified NF-κB downstream target genes, our results demonstrate that regulation of IL-1α expression is independent of NF-κB and primarily dependent on AP-1 activity, which is in part induced by overexpression of EGF receptors and activation of MAP kinases. In conclusion, our findings suggest a possible mechanism by which NF-κB is constitutively activated in metastatic human pancreatic cancer cells and a possible missing mechanistic links between inflammation and cancer.
Molecular biology|Oncology|Cellular biology
Niu, Jiangong, "Molecular mechanisms of NF-κB activation in metastatic pancreatic cancer cells" (2004). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3131486.