The role of XPF in recombinational repair
The DNA repair gene, XPF, is implicated in numerous processes relating to maintenance of genomic stability. The experiments presented herein were designed to investigate the role of XPF in homologous recombination processes. Specifically, the role of XPF in plasmid-chromosome and intrachromosomal recombination was evaluated. To interrogate the mechanistic role of XPF in plasmid-chromosome recombination, a homologous gene targeting system at the APRT locus in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells was used. The targeting vector is linearized within 900 base pairs of heterology, which generates a substrate with long, nonhomologous 3′-OH ends that must be efficiently processed, presumably by the Xpf/Ercc1 heterodimer, prior to a productive recombination event. These experiments demonstrated a significant decrease in the targeted gene recombination frequency and a significant change to the recombinant product distributions in XPF- and ERCC1-deficient CHO cell lines, which suggest that the Xpf/Ercc1 heterodimer is essential for strand invasion recombination involving the processing of long, nonhomologous tails. In order to evaluate the role of XPF in intrachromosomal recombination, direct APRT repeat constructs at the chromosomal APRT locus in XPF-proficient and XPF-deficient CHO cells were used in spontaneous and DSB-induced recombination experiments. A defect in intrachromosomal recombination was only shown for UV41-derived XPF -deficient CHO cells, which have a severe interstrand crosslinking phenotype. The results of these studies demonstrate a requirement for XPF function in both plasmid-chromosome and intrachromosomal recombination, specifically in removal of long, single-stranded 3′-OH DNA ends. In addition, these studies identified a correlation between the interstrand cross-linking phenotype and the intrachromosomal recombination phenotype of each CHO cell line, but did not demonstrate a correlation between the interstrand cross-linking phenotype and the plasmid-chromosome recombination phenotype of these CHO cell lines.
Talbert, Leisa Lynn, "The role of XPF in recombinational repair" (2004). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3138885.