Identification of putative 1p36 tumor suppressor genes involved in oligodendroglioma development
Oligodendrogliomas are primary neoplasms of the central nervous system (CNS). One of the most common and characteristic chromosomal abnormalities observed in oligodendroglioma is allelic loss of 1p (Reifenberger et al., 1994; Bello et al., 1995). Since 1p loss has been reported for both well-differentiated and anaplastic oligodendroglioma, it is believed to occur early in tumor development (Bello et al., 1995). This allelic loss also has clinical significance, for oligodendroglioma patients with 1p loss generally respond significantly better to combination chemotherapy and have longer average survival than do oligodendroglioma patients without 1p loss (Cairncross et al., 1998). To date, no genes on 1p have been implicated as essential to the development or treatment response of oligodendroglioma. In order to localize and/or identify a gene involved in oligodendroglioma development, I tested 170 oligodendrogliomas for deletions of 1p and tested 26 tumors for differential expression of genes in the region of 1p36. Evidence obtained from these methods implicated two genes, SHREW1 and the gene encoding DNA fragmentation factor beta (DFFB). The function for the SHREW1 locus is currently not well known, but preliminary data suggests that it a novel member of adherens junctions. The DFFB gene is an enhancer for apoptosis. Thus, both SHREW1 and DFFB may be candidates for an oligodendroglioma tumor suppressor. Mutational analysis of both genes did not uncover any mutations. Future studies will evaluate other mechanisms that may be responsible for inactivation of these genes in oligodendrogliomas.
McDonald, Jon Matthew, "Identification of putative 1p36 tumor suppressor genes involved in oligodendroglioma development" (2004). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3141844.