Molecular markers of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and epidemiologic risk factors for squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) of the cervix
Infection with certain types of HPV is a necessary event in the development of cervical carcinoma; however, not all women who become infected will progress. While much is known about the molecular influence of HPV E6 and E7 proteins on the malignant transformation, little is known about the additional factors needed to drive the process. Currently, conventional cervical screening is insufficient at identifying women who are likely to progress from premalignant lesions to carcinoma. Aneuploidy and chromatin texture from image cytometry have been suggested as quantitative measures of nuclear damage in premalignant lesions and cancer, and traditional epidemiologic studies have identified potential factors to aid in the discrimination of those lesions likely to progress. In the current study, real-time PCR was used to quantitate mRNA expression of the E7 gene in women exhibiting normal epithelium, LSIL, and HSIL. Quantitative cytometry was used to gather information about the DNA index and chromatin features of cells from the same women. Logistic regression modeling was used to establish predictor variables for histologic grade based on the traditional epidemiologic risk factors and molecular markers. Prevalence of mRNA transcripts was lower among women with normal histology (27%) than for women with LSIL (40%) and HSIL (37%) with mean levels ranging from 2.0 to 4.2. The transcriptional activity of HPV 18 was higher than that of HPV 16 and increased with increasing level of dysplasia, reinforcing the more aggressive nature of HPV 18. DNA index and mRNA level increased with increasing histological grade. Chromatin score was not correlated with histology but was higher for HPV 18 samples and those with both HPV 18 and HPV 16. However, chromatin score and DNA index were not correlated with mRNA levels. The most predictive variables in the regression modeling were mRNA level, DNA index, parity, and age, and the ROC curves for LSIL and HSIL indicated excellent discrimination. Real-time PCR of viral transcripts could provide a more efficient method to analyze the oncogenic potential within cells from cervical swabs. Epidemiological modeling of malignant progression in the cervix should include molecular markers, as well as the traditional epidemiological risk factors.
Public health|Molecular biology
Scheurer, Michael Eugene, "Molecular markers of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and epidemiologic risk factors for squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) of the cervix" (2004). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3155310.