The Set1 methyltransferase opposes Ipl1 aurora kinase functions in chromosome segregation
A phosphorylation balance governed by Ipl1 Aurora kinase and the Glc7 phosphatase is essential for normal chromosome segregation in S. cerevisiae . Deletion of SET1, a histone K4 methyltransferase, suppresses the temperature sensitive phenotype of ipl1-2, and loss the catalytic activity of Set1 is important for this suppression. SET1 deletion also suppresses chromosome loss in ipl1-2 cells. Deletion of other Set1 complex components suppresses the temperature sensitivity of ipl1-2 as well. In contrast, SET1 deletion is synthetic lethal combined with glc7-127. Strikingly, these effects are independent of previously defined functions for Set1 in transcription initiation and histone H3 methylation. I find that Set1 methylates conserved lysines in a kinetochore protein, Dam1, a key mitotic substrate of Ipl1/Glc7. Biochemical and genetic experiments indicate that Dam1 methylation inhibits Ipl1-mediated phosphorylation of flanking serines. My studies demonstrate that Set1 has important, unexpected functions in mitosis through modulating the phosphorylation balance regulated by Ipl1/Glc7. Moreover, my findings suggest that antagonism between lysine methylation and serine phosphorylation is a fundamental mechanism for controlling protein function.
Biochemistry|Molecular biology|Anatomy & physiology|Animals
Zhang, Ke, "The Set1 methyltransferase opposes Ipl1 aurora kinase functions in chromosome segregation" (2005). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3168453.