Xp95 is phosphorylated within the proline rich domain during Xenopus oocyte maturation
Xp95 is the Xenopus ortholog of a conserved family of scaffold proteins that have in common an N-terminal Bro1 domain and a C-terminal proline rich domain (PRD). The regulation of this protein family is poorly understood. We previously showed that Xp95 undergoes a phosphorylation-dependant gel mobility shift during meiotic maturation of Xenopus oocytes, the only natural biological system in which post-translational modifications of this family has been demonstrated. Here we characterized Xp95 phosphorylation via two approaches. First, we tested a series of Xp95 fragments for the ability to gel-shift during oocyte maturation, and found that a fragment containing amino acids 705-786 is sufficient to cause a gel-shift. This fragment is within the N-terminal region of Xp95's PRD (N-PRD). Second, we purified phosphorylated Xp95 and by mass spectrometry found that a 5080 Da peptide which maps to N-PRD (amino acids 706-756) contains two phosphorylation sites, one of which is T745, within the conserved CIN85 binding motif. By in vitro protein interaction assays, we that T745 is critical for CIN85/Xp95 interaction, and that Xp95 phosphorylation correlates with loss of binding to CIN85. We also show that an Alix fragment (amino acids 604-789) also undergoes a gel-shift during oocyte maturation and during colcemid-induced mitotic arrest of HeLa cells. These findings indicate that Xp95/Alix is phosphorylated on the PRD during M phase induction and that the PRD phosphorylation regulates partner protein interaction.
Cellular biology|Anatomy & physiology|Animals
Dejournett, Robert Edward, "Xp95 is phosphorylated within the proline rich domain during Xenopus oocyte maturation" (2005). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3195261.