Nuclear functions of dynein light chain 1 in hormone action
It is widely accepted that the process of breast cancer tumorigenesis involves estrogen receptor-alpha (ER)-regulated stimulatory pathways, which feed into survival, cell cycle progression and proliferative response. Recent data from Kumar laboratory indicate that dynein light chain 1 (DLC1) plays a role in survival, motility and invasiveness, all of which are required for a successful tumorigenesis process. In the present research, we have discovered a mechanistic bidirectional regulatory link between the DLC1 and ER. We found that DLC1 facilitates ligand-induced ER transactivation involving the recruitment of the DLC1-ER complex to ER-target genes. To gain insights into the mechanism by which DLC1 regulates the ER pathway, we set out to identify novel DLC1-interacting proteins. Among other proteins, we identified KIBRA and Ciz1 as two novel DLC1-interacting proteins. We found that the KIBRA-DLC1 complex is recruited to ER-responsive promoters, and that KIBRA-DLC1 interaction is needed for the recruitment of ER to its targets as well as for ER's transactivation function. Finally, we found that KIBRA utilizes its histone H3interacting glutamic acid-rich region to regulate the transactivation activity of ER. During the course of this work, we also discovered that DLC1 interacts with Cdk2 and Ciz1, and such interactions play a direct accelerating role in the G1-S transition of breast cancer cells. While delineating the role of Ciz1 in hormone-responsive cancer cells, we found that Ciz1 is an estrogen-responsive gene, and acts as a co-regulator of ER. Accordingly, Ciz1 overexpression in breast cancer cells conferred estrogen hypersensitivity, promoted the growth-rate, anchorage-independency and tumorigenic properties. Collectively, findings made during the course of the present dissertation research introduced two new molecular players in the action of ER in breast cancer cells, with a particular focus on cell cycle progression and ER-chromatin target regulation. In addition, findings presented here provide novel mechanistic insight about the contribution of DLC1 and its interacting proteins in amplifying the hormone action and promoting the process of breast cancer tumorigenesis.
Molecular biology|Cellular biology
den Hollander, Petra, "Nuclear functions of dynein light chain 1 in hormone action" (2006). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3249196.